Literature on Mentalization

Mentalization and Mentalization-based treatment

Allen, J.G, Fonagy, P. & Bateman, A. (2008). Mentalizing in Clinical Practice. American Psychiatric Publishing.

Allen, J. (2012). Restoring Mentalizing in Attachment Relationships. Treating Trauma With Plain Old Therapy. American Psychiatric Publishing.

Bateman, A.W. & Fonagy, P.F. (2012). Handbook of Mentalizing in Mental Health Practice. American Psychiatric Publishing.

Lind, M., Hagelquist, Ø.J. & Rasmussen, H. (2020). Mentalization-based principles within the organization: Elevated empowerment and lower depressive symptoms.

Midgley, N. & Vrouva, I. (2012). Minding the Child. Mentalization-Based with Children, Young People and their Families. Routledge.

Rossouw, T. & Fonagy, P. (2012). Mentalization-Based Treatment for Self-Harm in Adolescents:A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of The American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 51(12), 1304-1313.

Zeuthen, K., Holm Pedersen, S., & Gammelgaard, J. (2010). Attachment and the Driving Force of Development: A Critical Discussion of Infant Empirical Research. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 19, 230-239.


Blaustein, M., & Kinniburgh, K. (2010). Treating Traumatic Stress in Children and Adolesscents. The Guilford Press.

Ditlevsen, D.N., & Eklit, A. (2012). Gender, Trauma Type, and PTSD Prevalence: A Re-Analysis of 18 Nordic Convenience Samples.

Fonagy, P. (2004). Early-Life Trauma and the Psychogenesis and Prevention of Violence. Annals New York Academy of Sciences, 1036, 181-200.

Kira, I., Lewandowski, L., Somers, C.L., Yoon, J.S., & Chiodo, L. (2012). The Effects of Trauma Types, Cumulative Trauma, and PTSD on IQ in Two Highly Traumatized Adolescent Groups. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 4(1), 128-139.

Perry, B.D. & Szalavitz, M. (2006). The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog. Basic Books.

Turley, M.R., & Obrzut, J.E. (2012). Neuropsychological Effects of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Adolescents. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 27(2), 166-182.


Duncan, B.L., Miller, S.D., Wampold, B.E., & Hubble, M.A. (2010). The Heart & Soul of Change: Delivering What Works in Therapy, Second Edition. American Psychological Association.

Assessment of Reflective Functioning

Baron-Cohen, S., Jolliffe, T., Mortimore, C., & Robertson, M. (1997). Another Advanced Test of Theory of Mind: Evidence from Very High Functioning Adults with Autism or Asperger Syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38(7), 813-822.

Baron-Cohen, S., O’Riordan, M., Stone, V., Jones, R., & Plaisted, K. (1999). Recognition of Faux Pas by Normally Developing Children and Children with Asperger Syndrome or High-Functioning Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29(5), 407-418.

Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Hill, J., Raste, Y., & Plumb, I. (20021). The “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” Test Revised Version: A Study with Normal Adults, and Adults with Asperger Syndrome or High-functioning Autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42(2), 241-251.

Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Spong, A., Chahill, V., & Lawson, J. (2001). Studies og Theory of Mind: Are Intuitive Physics and Intuitive Psychology Independent? Journal of Developmental and Learning Disorders, 5, 47-78.

Beaumont, R.B., & Sofronoff, K. (2008). A New Computerised Advanced Theory of Mind Measure for Children with Asperger Syndrome: The ATOMIC. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 249-260.

Choi-Kain, L.W., & Gunderson, J.G. (2008). Mentalization: Ontogeny, Assessment, and Application in the Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 165(9), 1127-1135.

Dumontheil, I., Apperly, I.A., & Blakemore, S. (2010). Online Usage of Theory of Mind continues to Develop in late Adolescence. Developmental Science, 13(2), 331-338.

Dziobek, I., Fleck, S., Kalbe, E., Rogers, K., Hassenstab, J., Brand, M., Kessler, J., Woike, J.K., Wolf, O.T., & Convit, A, (2006). Introducing MASC: A Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 623-636.

Flavell, J.H., Green, F.L., & Flavell, E.R. (2000). Development of Children´s Awareness of Their Own Thoughts. Journal of Cognition and Development, 1, 97-112.

Ha, C., & Sharp, C. (2011). A New Social Cognitive Measure of Self and Other Understanding called the Reflective Functioning Questionaire for Youth (RFQY). University og Houston, Poster.

Ha, C., Sharp, C., Ensink, K., Fonagy, P., Cirino, P. (2013). The Measurement of Reflective Functioning in Adolescents with and witout Borderline Traits. Journal of Adolescence, 36, 1215-1223.

Happé, F.G.E. (1994). An Advanced Test of Theory of Mind:Understanding of Story Characters´Thoughts and Feelings by Able Autistic, Mentally Handicapped, and Normal Children and Adults. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24(2), 129-154.

Jolliffe, D., & Farrington, D.P. (2006). Development and Validation of the Basic Empathy Scale. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 589-611.

Luyten, P., Fonagy, P., Lowyck, B., & Vermote, R. Assessment of Mentalization. I A.W. Bateman, & P. Fonagy. (2012). Handbook of Mentalizing in Mental Health Practice. American Psychiatric Publishing (s. 43-67).

Magill-Evans, J., Koning, C., Cameron-Sadava, A., & Manyk, K. (1995). The Child and Adolescent Social Perception Measure. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 19(3), 151-169.

Pons, F., & Harris, P.L. (2005). Longitudinal Change and Longitudinal Stability of Individual Differences in Children´s Emotion Understanding. Cognition and Emotion, 19(8), 1158-1174.

Rudden, M.G., Milrod, B., Meehan, K.B., & Falkenstrom, F. (2009). Symptom-Specific Reflective Functioning: Incorporating Psychoanalytic Measures Into Clinical Trials. Journal of American Psychoanalytic Association, 57, 1473-1478.

Rudden, M., Milrod, B., Target, M., Ackerman, S., & Graf, E. (2006). Reflective Functioning in Panic Disorder Patients: A Pilot Study. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 54, 1339-1343.

Rutherford, H.J.V., Wareham, J.D., Vrouva, I., Mayes, L.C., Fonagy, P., & Potenza, M.N. (2012). Sex Differences Moderate the Relationship Between Adolescent Language and Mentalization. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 3, 393–405.

Sharp, C., Williams, L.L., Ha., C., Baumgardner, J., Michonski, J., Seals, R., Patel, A.B., Bleiberg, E., & Fonagy, P. (2009). The Development of a Mentalizationbased Outcomes and Research Protocol for an Adolescent Inpatient Unit. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 73(4), 311-338).

Shmueli-Goetz, Y., Target, M., Fonagy, P., & Datta, A. (2008). The Child Attachment Interview: A Psychometric Study of Reliability and Discriminant Validity. Developmental Psychology, 44(4), 939-956.

Southam-Gerow, M.A., & Kendall, P.C. (2000). A Preliminary Study of the Emotion Understanding of Youths Referred for Treatment of Anxiety Disorders. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29(3), 319-327.

Sprung, M. (2010). Clinically Relevant Measures of Children´s Theory of Mind and Knowledge about Thinking: Non-Standard and Advanced Measures. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 15(4), 204-216.

Sundqvist, A. (2010). Knowing you, Knowing me. Mentalization Abilities of Children who use Augmentative and Alternative Communication. Thesis Linköping University, Sweden.

Target, M., Fonagy, P., & Schmueli-Goetz, Y. (2003). Attachment Representations in School-Age Children: The Development of the Child Attachment Interview (CAI). Journal of Child Psychoterapy, 29(2), 171-186.

Taubner, S., White, L.O., Zimmerman, J., Fonagy, P., & Nolte, T. (2012). Mentalization Moderates and Mediates the Link Between Psychopathy and Aggressive Behavior in Male Adolescents. Journal of American Psychoanalytic Association, 60, 605-612.

Vrouva, I., & Fonagy, P. (2009). Development of the Mentalizing Stories for Adolescents (MSA). Journal of American Psychoanalytic Association, 57, 1174-1179.

Vrouva, I., Target, M., & Ensink, K. Measuring Mentalization in Children and Young People. In N. Midgley, & I. Vrouva (2012). Minding the Child. Mentalization-Based with Children, Young People and their Families. Routledge (s. 54-77).

Reflective Self in Parents and Minding the Baby

Cunningham, J.N., Kliewer, W., & Garner, P.W. (2009). Emotion Socialization, Child Emotion Understanding and Regulation, and Adjustment in Urban African American Families: Differential Associations across Child Gender. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 261-283.

Fonagy, P., Steele, M., Steele, H., Moran, G.S., Higgitt, A.C. (1991). The Capacity for Understanding Mental States: The Reflective Self in Parent and Child and Its Significance for Security of Attachment. Infant Mental Health Journal, 12(3), 201-218.

Kelly, K., Slade, A., & Grienenberger, J.F. (2005). Maternal Reflective Functioning, Mother-Infant Affective Communication, and Infant Attachment: Exploring the Link Between Mental States and Observed Caregiving Behavior in the Intergererational Transmission of Attachment. Attachment & Human Development, 7(3), 299-311.

Ostler, T., Bahar, O.S., & Jessee, A. (2010). Mentalization in Children Exposed to Parental Methamphetamine Abise: Relations to Children´s Mental Health and Behavioral Outcomes. Attachment & Human Development, 12(3), 193-207.

Sadler, L.S., Slade, A., Close, N., Webb, D.L., Simpson, T., Fennie, K., & Mayes, L.C. (2013). Minding the Baby: Enhancing reflectiveness to improve early health and relationship outcomes in an interdisciplinary home visiting program. Infant Mental Health Journal, 34(5), 391-405.

Sharp, C., Fonagy, P., & Goodyer, I.M. (2006). Imagining Your Child’s Mind: Psychosocial Adjustment and Mothers´Ability to Predict Their Children´s Attributional Response Style. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 24, 197-214.

Sharp, C., & Fonagy, P. (2008). The Parent’s Capacity to Treat the Child as a Psychological Agent: Constructs, Measures and Implications for Developmental Psychopathology. Social Development, 17(3), 737-754.

Shipman, K.L., & Zeman, J. (2001). Socialization of Children´s Emotion Regulation in Mother-Child Dyads: A Developmental Psychopathology Perspective. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 317-336.

Slade, A. (2009). Mentalizing the Unmentalizable: Parenting Children on the Spectrum. Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy, 8(1).

Slade, A., Grienenberger, J., Bernbach, E., Levy, D., & Locker, A. (2005). Maternal Reflective Functioning, Attachment, and the Transmission Gap: A Preliminary Study. Attachment & Human Development, 7(3), 283-298.

Other Relevant Literature

Gut, J., Reimann, G., & Grob, A. (2013). A Contextualized View on Long-Term Predictors of Academic Performance. Journal of Educational Psychology, 105(2), 436-443.